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Cross-Lingual Task-Specific Representation Learning for Text Classification in Resource Poor Languages
Nurendra ChoudharyRajat SinghManish Shrivastava

Neural network models have shown promising results for text classification. However, these solutions are limited by their dependence on the availability of annotated data. The prospect of leveraging resource-rich languages to enhance the text classification of resource-poor languages is fascinating. The performance on resource-poor languages can significantly improve if the resource availability constraints can be offset. To this end, we present a twin Bidirectional Long Short Term Memory (Bi-LSTM) network with shared parameters consolidated by a contrastive loss function (based on a similarity metric). The model learns the representation of resource-poor and resource-rich sentences in a common space by using the similarity between their assigned annotation tags. Hence, the model projects sentences with similar tags closer and those with different tags farther from each other. We evaluated our model on the classification tasks of sentiment analysis and emoji prediction for resource-poor languages - Hindi and Telugu and resource-rich languages - English and Spanish. Our model significantly outperforms the state-of-the-art approaches in both the tasks across all metrics.

Emotions are Universal: Learning Sentiment Based Representations of Resource-Poor Languages using Siamese Networks
Nurendra ChoudharyRajat SinghIshita BindlishManish Shrivastava

Machine learning approaches in sentiment analysis principally rely on the abundance of resources. To limit this dependence, we propose a novel method called Siamese Network Architecture for Sentiment Analysis (SNASA) to learn representations of resource-poor languages by jointly training them with resource-rich languages using a siamese network. SNASA model consists of twin Bi-directional Long Short-Term Memory Recurrent Neural Networks (Bi-LSTM RNN) with shared parameters joined by a contrastive loss function, based on a similarity metric. The model learns the sentence representations of resource-poor and resource-rich language in a common sentiment space by using a similarity metric based on their individual sentiments. The model, hence, projects sentences with similar sentiment closer to each other and the sentences with different sentiment farther from each other. Experiments on large-scale datasets of resource-rich languages - English and Spanish and resource-poor languages - Hindi and Telugu reveal that SNASA outperforms the state-of-the-art sentiment analysis approaches based on distributional semantics, semantic rules, lexicon lists and deep neural network representations without sh

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